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Programs > Environmental Programs > Environmental Education ToolKit
Grade 5 Environmental EducationToolKit

Standard 6.0 Environmental Science

Students will use scientific skills and processes to explain the interactions of environmental factors (living and non-living) and analyze their impact from a local to a global perspective.


A. Natural Resources and Human Needs

1. Recognize and explain how natural resources found in Maryland are used by humans to meet basic needs.
1. Identify and compare Maryland's renewable and nonrenewable
     natural resources. 

2. Describe how humans use renewable natural resources, such as 
    plants, soil, water, animals.

3. Describe how humans use nonrenewable natural resources, such as
    oil, coal, natural gas, minerals, including metals.

B. Environmental Issues
Indicator 1. Recognize and explain that decisions influencing the use of natural resources may have benefits, drawbacks, unexpected consequences, and tradeoffs.

1. Identify and describe personal and community behaviors that waste natural resources and/or cause environmental harm and those behaviors that maintain or improve the environment.

2. Identify and describe that individuals and groups assess and manage risk to the environment differently.

Indicator 2. Recognize and describe that consequences may occur when Earth's natural resources are used.


  • Explain how human activities may have positive consequences on the natural environment.
    • Recycling centers
    • Native plantings
    • Good farming practices
  • Explain how human activities may have a negative consequence on the natural environment.
    • Damage or destruction done to habitats
      Air, water, and land pollution
  • Identify and describe that an environmental issue affects  individuals and groups differently.

                               Interdisciplinary Connections

Earth Science Connections 2A.2a-c
Mining in Maryland - Unit by MD Dept of the Environment

Life Science Connections     3C
xplore the relationship between a bird's beak and
                      its ability to find food and survive in a given environment
Animal Adaptation 
nimal features and behaviors that can help or hinder
survival in a particular envrionment.   
Cicada Invasion
                      How some animals survive well in a particular environment due
                      to the species’ life cycle.
     Integrated Pest Management
How some animals survive well in a particular environment due to human behavior

Social Studies Links:
               The NorthEast - Use maps to learn about natural resources- Maryland Digital Atlas


                            Natural Resources and Human Needs

Ø Mining in Maryland - Unit by MD Dept of the Environment
In this project-based and inquiry-based unit, students explore the economic and environmental issues associated with the mining industry in Maryland.
           - what resources are mined 
           - importance to our society
           - impacts on the environment
          -  solutions that are currently being used 
          -  roles of the federal and state government

Ø Renewable Energy
Students will investigate a variety of renewable energy resources, as well as the benefits and drawbacks of each.

Ø MD Department of Natural Resource's Education Page
                            Unit: Part of Something Big- water resources
                            Unit: Bay Grasses in Classes

Ø Project Wild Lesson Connections
                      These lessons are within one large pdf.
                      Environmental Barometer  p.80
                      Graphanimal    p.100
                      The Thicket Game p.112
                      Make A Coat! p.82
                      Playing Lightly On the Earth p.292
                      Adaptation Artistry
                      What Bear Goes Where?
                      Polar Bears In Phoenix? p.120
                      Plastic Jellyfish  p.138

Project Wild Aquatic Lesson Connections                      
These lessons are within one large pdf.
                      Fashion a Fish  p. 56
                      Marsh Munchers (Bay Connection) p. 34


Ø Social Tradeoffs Students are presented with a scenario in which they
        have inherited a section of forestland.  To make and evaluate decisions by weighing
 the benefits and drawbacks of each alternative.

Ø Global Climate Change 
         Predict the effect of increased CO2 on wheat yield.

Ø Energy Sources and Use
        Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy; investigate a variety of renewable
        energy resources and compare the benefits and drawbacks of each.

Ø Engineering Solutions
        Use Internet resources to explore the side effects of technology; to design, implement
        and evaluate solutions related to the problem of waste disposal.

Ø The Roots of Trash
        Identify the various natural resources used to produce common items; understand
        how people use science and technology to produce those items.

Ø Garbage 2 Recycling 
       Problems of waste disposal and how recycling can help to reduce the amount
       of waste we create


    Bayville- MPT- Plants & Animals of the Bay
Ø  Sustainable Forests
Ø  USGS Resources Page
Ø MDE's Just for Kids
Ø MD DNR's Education Page
                   Unit: Part of Something Big- water resources
                   Bay Grasses in Classes
Ø  EE Link- Online Resource Bank


Suggested Maryland Green School Activities

Green School 

                                Focus: Water Conservation & Pollution Prevention
                                  Focus: Soil Conservation
                                  Focus: Energy Conservation
Focus: Waste Reduction
                                 Focus: Native plants and Animals
Background: Becoming A Maryland Green School
                                        - Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Area 
                                        - General Information for Maryland
                        - Funding for Bay- related projects
                                        - Funding for Schoolyard Habitats

Contact Information
Maryland State Department of Education
200 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
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