Parents know that their children with disabilities/special needs are generally at risk of being bullied. Children with learning disabilities, medical conditions, obesity, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, paralysis, diabetes, stuttering, and other special needs are more likely to be victimized by their peers, and are often rated as less popular and have fewer friends than other children. The consequences can be serious, ranging from anxiety, depression, somatic symptoms such as stomach aches, and sometimes thoughts of suicide.
What parents may not know is that bullying behavior may cross the line to become "disability harassment," which is illegal under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. This behavior can take different forms including verbal harassment, physical threats, or threatening written statements. When a school discovers that this harassment has occurred, the administration must investigate the incident(s) promptly and respond appropriately.
Before assuming that nothing has been done, it's recommended that you do several things:
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