Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA)


Math, English language arts, Social Foundations, Physical Well-Being and Motor Development

Grade levels


About the test

The KRA, which resulted from the collaboration of several states, West-Ed, and the Johns Hopkins Center for Technology in Education was developed as a Kindergarten entry assessment as part of the R4K Comprehensive Assessment System. For students entering Kindergarten, it is administered during a window that begins on the first day of school and ends on October 10th. In 2014 and 2015 it was administered as a census administration to all Kindergarteners. Because of legislation passed in 2016, school districts can choose to administer the KRA to a random sample of students in each Kindergarten classroom or as a census administration to all of their Kindergarten students.

The current version, KRA 2.0, has two forms. Form A is being used in 2018-19. The assessment is a developmentally appropriate observational and assessment tool consisting of 50 items. The KRA measures the knowledge, skills, and behaviors that children should be able to demonstrate at the start of kindergarten. All items can be administered by the teacher using a test administration manual, but 17 of the items are also available through an App which allows students to select responses using a tablet or computer device.

The R4 K Comprehensive Assessment System provides teachers with online training including a required content assessment and simulator, access to score reports and data analysis, and professional learning resources. In addition, the system includes an additional formative assessment, the Early Learning Assessment, which is available to all child care and public school teachers for use with children 36-72 months of age.

Standards being assessed

Accommodations information

The assessment kit includes the Guidelines for Allowable Supports and a Quick Guide for Supporting English Learners and a Quick Guide for Supporting Students with Disabilities.

Assessment results


Emily Oliver
Project Manager for Early Childhood Assessments

Office: (410) 767-0055